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**1. Add the following rational numbers:**

**(i) -5/7 and 3/7**

**(ii) -15/4 and 7/4**

**(iii) -8/11 and -4/11**

**(iv) 6/13 and -9/13**

**Solution:**

Since the denominators are of same positive numbers we can add them directly

(i) -5/7 + 3/7 = (-5+3)/7 = -2/7

(ii) -15/4 + 7/4 = (-15+7)/4 = -8/4

Further dividing by 4 we get,

-8/4 = -2

(iii) -8/11 + -4/11 = (-8 + (-4))/11 = (-8-4)/11 = -12/11

(iv) 6/13 + -9/13 = (6 + (-9))/13 = (6-9)/13 = -3/13

**2. Add the following rational numbers:**

**(i) 3/4 and -5/8**

**Solution: **The denominators are 4 and 8

By taking LCM for 4 and 8 is 8

We rewrite the given fraction in order to get the same denominator

3/4 = (3×2) / (4×2) = 6/8 and

-5/8 = (-5×1) / (8×1) = -5/8

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

6/8 + -5/8 = (6 + (-5))/8 = (6-5)/8 = 1/8

**(ii) 5/-9 and 7/3**

**Solution:** Firstly we need to convert the denominators to positive numbers.

5/-9 = (5 × -1)/ (-9 × -1) = -5/9

The denominators are 9 and 3

By taking LCM for 9 and 3 is 9

We rewrite the given fraction in order to get the same denominator

-5/9 = (-5×1) / (9×1) = -5/9 and

7/3 = (7×3) / (3×3) = 21/9

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

-5/9 + 21/9 = (-5+21)/9 = 16/9

**(iii) -3 and 3/5**

**Solution: **The denominators are 1 and 5

By taking LCM for 1 and 5 is 5

We rewrite the given fraction in order to get the same denominator

-3/1 = (-3×5) / (1×5) = -15/5 and

3/5 = (3×1) / (5×1) = 3/5

Now, the denominators are same we can add them directly

-15/5 + 3/5 = (-15+3)/5 = -12/5

**(iv) -7/27 and 11/18**

**Solution:** The denominators are 27 and 18

By taking LCM for 27 and 18 is 54

We rewrite the given fraction in order to get the same denominator

-7/27 = (-7×2) / (27×2) = -14/54 and

11/18 = (11×3) / (18×3) = 33/54

Now, the denominators are same we can add them directly

-14/54 + 33/54 = (-14+33)/54 = 19/54

**(v) 31/-4 and -5/8**

**Solution:** Firstly we need to convert the denominators to positive numbers.

31/-4 = (31 × -1)/ (-4 × -1) = -31/4

The denominators are 4 and 8

By taking LCM for 4 and 8 is 8

We rewrite the given fraction in order to get the same denominator

-31/4 = (-31×2) / (4×2) = -62/8 and

-5/8 = (-5×1) / (8×1) = -5/8

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

-62/8 + (-5)/8 = (-62 + (-5))/8 = (-62-5)/8 = -67/8

**(vi) 5/36 and -7/12**

**Solution:** The denominators are 36 and 12

By taking LCM for 36 and 12 is 36

We rewrite the given fraction in order to get the same denominator

5/36 = (5×1) / (36×1) = 5/36 and

-7/12 = (-7×3) / (12×3) = -21/36

Now, the denominators are same we can add them directly

5/36 + -21/36 = (5 + (-21))/36 = 5-21/36 = -16/36 = -4/9

**(vii) -5/16 and 7/24**

**Solution:** The denominators are 16 and 24

By taking LCM for 16 and 24 is 48

We rewrite the given fraction in order to get the same denominator

-5/16 = (-5×3) / (16×3) = -15/48 and

7/24 = (7×2) / (24×2) = 14/48

Now, the denominators are same we can add them directly

-15/48 + 14/48 = (-15 + 14)/48 = -1/48

**(viii) 7/-18 and 8/27**

**Solution:** Firstly we need to convert the denominators to positive numbers.

7/-18 = (7 × -1)/ (-18 × -1) = -7/18

The denominators are 18 and 27

By taking LCM for 18 and 27 is 54

We rewrite the given fraction in order to get the same denominator

-7/18 = (-7×3) / (18×3) = -21/54 and

8/27 = (8×2) / (27×2) = 16/54

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

-21/54 + 16/54 = (-21 + 16)/54 = -5/54

**3.Simplify:**

**(i) 8/9 + -11/6**

**Solution: **let us take the LCM for 9 and 6 which is 18

(8×2)/(9×2) + (-11×3)/(6×3)

16/18 + -33/18

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

(16-33)/18 = -17/18

**(ii) 3 + 5/-7**

**Solution: **Firstly convert the denominator to positive number

5/-7 = (5×-1)/(-7×-1) = -5/7

3/1 + -5/7

Now let us take the LCM for 1 and 7 which is 7

(3×7)/(1×7) + (-5×1)/(7×1)

21/7 + -5/7

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

(21-5)/7 = 16/7

**(iii) 1/-12 + 2/-15**

**Solution: **Firstly convert the denominator to positive number

1/-12 = (1×-1)/(-12×-1) = -1/12

2/-15 = (2×-1)/(-15×-1) = -2/15

-1/12 + -2/15

Now let us take the LCM for 12 and 15 which is 60

(-1×5)/(12×5) + (-2×4)/(15×4)

-5/60 + -8/60

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

(-5-8)/60 = -13/60

**(iv) -8/19 + -4/57**

**Solution: **let us take the LCM for 19 and 57 which is 57

(-8×3)/(19×3) + (-4×1)/(57×1)

-24/57 + -4/57

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

(-24-4)/57 = -28/57

**(v) 7/9 + 3/-4**

**Solution:** Firstly convert the denominator to positive number

3/-4 = (3×-1)/(-4×-1) = -3/4

7/9 + -3/4

Now let us take the LCM for 9 and 4 which is 36

(7×4)/(9×4) + (-3×9)/(4×9)

28/36 + -27/36

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

(28-27)/36 = 1/36

**(vi) 5/26 + 11/-39**

**Solution**: Firstly convert the denominator to positive number

11/-39 = (11×-1)/(-39×-1) = -11/39

5/26 + -11/39

Now let us take the LCM for 26 and 39 which is 78

(5×3)/(26×3) + (-11×2)/(39×2)

15/78 + -22/78

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

(15-22)/78 = -7/78

**(vii) -16/9 + -5/12**

**Solution:** let us take the LCM for 9 and 12 which is 108

(-16×12)/(9×12) + (-5×9)/(12×9)

-192/108 + -45/108

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

(-192-45)/108 = -237/108

Further divide the fraction by 3 we get,

-237/108 = -79/36

**(viii) -13/8 + 5/36**

**Solution: **let us take the LCM for 8 and 36 which is 72

(-13×9)/(8×9) + (5×2)/(36×2)

-117/72 + 10/72

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

(-117+10)/72 = -107/72

**(ix) 0 + -3/5**

**Solution: **We know that anything added to 0 results in the same.

0 + -3/5 = -3/5

**(x) 1 + -4/5**

**Solution:** let us take the LCM for 1 and 5 which is 5

(1×5)/(1×5) + (-4×1)/(5×1)

5/5 + -4/5

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

(5-4)/5 = 1/5

**4. Add and express the sum as a mixed fraction:**

**(i) -12/5 and 43/10**

**Solution: **let us add the given fraction

-12/5 + 43/10

let us take the LCM for 5 and 10 which is 10

(-12×2)/(5×2) + (43×1)/(10×1)

-24/10 + 43/10

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

(-24+43)/10 = 19/10

19/10 can be written as (1frac{9}{10}) in mixed fraction.

**(ii) 24/7 and -11/4**

**Solution: **let us add the given fraction

24/7 + -11/4

let us take the LCM for 7 and 4 which is 28

(24×4)/(7×4) + (-11×7)/(4×7)

96/28 + -77/28

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

(96-77)/28 = 19/28

**(iii) -31/6 and -27/8**

**Solution:** let us add the given fraction

-31/6 + -27/8

let us take the LCM for 6 and 8 which is 24

(-31×4)/(6×4) + (-27×3)/(8×3)

-124/24 + -81/24

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

(-124-81)/24 = -205/24

-205/24 can be written as (-8frac{13}{24}) in mixed fraction.

**(iv) 101/6 and 7/8**

**Solution:** let us add the given fraction

101/6 + 7/8

let us take the LCM for 6 and 8 which is 24

(101×4)/(6×4) + (7×3)/(8×3)

404/24 + 21/24

Since the denominators are same we can add them directly

(404+21)/24 = 425/24

425/24 can be written as (17frac{17}{24}) in mixed fraction.

**All Chapter RD Sharma Solutions For Class 8 Maths**

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