NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time

In this chapter, we provide NCERT Exemplar Problems Solutions for class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time for English medium students, Which will very helpful for every student in their exams. Students can download the latest NCERT Exemplar Problems Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time pdf, free NCERT Exemplar Problems Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time book pdf download. Now you will get step by step solution to each question.

TextbookNCERT
ClassClass 7
SubjectScience
ChapterChapter 13
Chapter NameMotion and Time
CategoryNCERT Exemplar

NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Solutions Chapter 13 Motion and Time

Multilple Choice Questions

Question 1.
Which of the following cannot be used for measurement of time?
(a) A leaking tap.
(b) Simple pendulum.
(c) Shadow of an object during the day.
(d) Blinking of eyes.
Solution:
(d) Eyes do not blink at fixed interval of time.

Question 2.
Two clocks A and Bare shown in figure. Clock A has an hour and a minute hand, whereas clock B has an hour hand, minute hand as well as a ‘ second hand. Which of the following statement is correct for these clocks?

NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 12 Sound q 19

(a) A time interval of 30 seconds can be measured by clock A.
(b) A time interval of 30 seconds cannot be measured by clock B.
(c) Time interval of 5 minutes can be measured by both A and B.
(d) Time interval of 4 minutes 10 seconds can be measured by clock A.
Solution:
(c) Clock A can not measure seconds as it has not a second hand. Clocks A and B both have minute hands, so time interval of 5 minutes can be measured by both of them.

Question 3.
Two students were asked to plot a distance¬time graph for the motion described by table A and table B.

NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q3
NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q3.1

The graph given in figure is true for
(a) both A and B.
(b) A only.
(c) Sonly.
(d) neither A nor B.
Solution:
(a) Distance time graph for uniform motion shows a straight line. Slope is same for both table A and table B

Question 4.
A bus travels 54 km in 90 minutes. The speed of the bus is
(a) 0.6 m/s
(b) 10 m/s
(c) 5.4 m/s
(d) 3.6 m/s
Solution:

NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q4

Question 5.
If we denote speed by 5, distance by D and time by T, the relationship between these quantities is
(a) S=D × T
(b) T=S/D
(c) S=1/T x D
(d) S=T/D
Solution:
(c)

Question 6.
Observe figure.

NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q6

The time period of a simple pendulum is the time taken by it to travel from
(a) A to B and back to A.
(b) OtoA, 4 to 6 and 8 to 4.
(c) B to A, A to B and B to O.
(d) A to B.
Solution:
(a)

Question 7.
Figure shows an oscillating pendulum.

NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q7

Time taken by the bob to move from A to C is f, and from C to O is f2. The time period of this simple pendulum is
(a) (t+ t2)
(b) 2 (t+ t2)
(c) 3 (t+ t2)
(d) 4 (t+ t2)
Solution:
(d) Time taken by the bob to move from

NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time Q7.1

Question 8.
The correct symbol to represent the speed of an object is
(a) 5 m/s
(b) 5 mp
(c) 5 m/s-1
(d) 5 s/m
Solution:
(a)

Question 9.
Boojho walks to his school which is at a distance of 3 km from his home in 30 minutes. On reaching he finds that the school is closed and comes back by a bicycle with his friend and reaches home in 20 minutes. His average speed in km/h is
(a) 8.3
(b) 7.2
(c) 5
(d) 3.6
Solution:

NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q9

Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 10.
A simple pendulum is oscillating between two points A and B as shown in figure. Is the motion of the bob uniform or non-uniform?

NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q10

Solution:
Motion of the bob is non-uniform as its speed keeps changing.

Question 11.
Paheli and Boojho have to cover different distances to reach their school but they take the same time to reach the school. What can you say about their speed?
Solution:
Paheli and Boojho have different speeds.

Question12.
If Boojho covers a certain distance in one hour and Paheli covers the same distance in two hours, who travels in a higher speed?
Solution:
Boojho moves at a higher speed as he covers the same distance in a lesser time than Paheli.

Question 13.
Complete the data of the table given below with the help of the distance-time graph given in figure.

NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time Q123

NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q13.1
Solution:
NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q13.2

Question 14.
The average age of children of Class VII is 12 years and 3 months. Express this age in seconds.
Solution:
12 years 3 months
= 12 x 365 + 3 x 30 = 4470 days
= 4470 x 24 x 60 x 60 s = 386208000 s

Question 15.
A spaceship travels 36,000 km in one hour. Express its speed in km/s.
Solution:
Speed of spaceship = 36,000 km/h

Question 16.
Starting from A, Paheli moves along a rectangular path ABCD as shown in figure 7. She takes 2 minutes to travel each side. Plot a distance-time graph and explain whether the motion is uniform or non-uniform.
NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q16
Solution:
Since the distance covered per unit time for the entire rectangular path covered is not the same, the motion is non-uniform.
NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q116.1
Question 17.
Plot a distance-time graph of the tip of the second hand of a clock by selecting 4 points on x-axis and y-axis respectively. The circumference of the circle traced by the second hand is 64 cm.
Solution:
NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q17
NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q17.2
Long Answer Type Questions

Question 18.
Figure given below is the distance-time graph of the motion of an object.
NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q18
(i) What will be the position of the object at 20 s?
(ii) What will be the distance travelled by the object in 12 s?
(iii) What is the average speed of the object?
Solution:
(i) At 20 s, the object will be 8 m away from the starting point.
(ii) In 12 s, distance travelled by the object will be 6 m.
(iii) Average speed of the object Total distance=Total distance/Time taken=8m/20s=0.4m/s

Question 19.
Figure given below is the distance-time graph of the motion of an object.
Distance between Bholu’s and Golu’s house is 9 km. Bholu has to attend Golu’s birthday party at 7 o’clock. He started from his home at 6 o’clock on his bicycle and covered a distance of 6 km in 40 minutes. At that point he met Chintu and he spoke to him for 5 minutes and reached Golu’s birthday party at 7 o’clock. With what speed did he cover the second part of the journey? Calculate his average speed for the entire journey.
Solution:
Distance between Bholu’s and Golu’s house = 9 km
Distance covered by Bholu in first part of the journey = 6 km
Time taken to cover 6 km = 40 min
Distance covered by Bholu in second part of the journey = 9-6 = 3 km
Time taken to cover 3 km = 60 – (40+5)=15 min

NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time Q19.1

Question 20.
Boojho goes to the football ground to play football. The distance-time graph of his journey from his home to the ground is given as figure.

NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time q20

(a) What does the graph between point B and C indicate about the motion of Boojho?
(b) Is the motion between 0 to 4 minutes uniform or non-uniform?
(c) What is his speed between 8 and 12 minutes of his journey?
Solution:
(a) Graph between point B and C is a horizontal line which indicates that Boojho is at rest, i.e. his speed is zero.
(b) Motion between 0 to 4 minutes is non-uniform as distance-time graph for this time interval is not a straight line.

NCERT Exemplar Class 7 Science Chapter 13 Motion and Time Q20.1

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