Here we provide NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 14 – Statistics for English medium students, Which will very helpful for every student in their exams. Students can download the latest NCERT Class 9 Maths solution Chapter 14 pdf. Now you will get step by step solution to each question.

Lives of batteries (in years) | No. of batteries (Frequency) |

2-2.5 | 2 |

2.5-3 | 6 |

3-3.5 | 14 |

3.5-4 | 11 |

4-4.5 | 4 |

4.5-5 | 3 |

Total | 40 |

Page No. 258

**Exercise 14.3**

1. A survey conducted by an organisation for the cause of illness and death among the women between the ages 15 – 44 (in years) worldwide, found the following figures (in %):

S.No. | Causes | Female fatality rate (%) |

1. | Reproductive health conditions | 31.8 |

2. | Neuropsychiatric conditions | 25.4 |

3. | Injuries | 12.4 |

4. | Cardiovascular conditions | 4.3 |

5. | Respiratory conditions | 4.1 |

6. | Other causes | 22.0 |

(i) Represent the information given above graphically.

(ii) Which condition is the major cause of women’s ill health and death worldwide?

(iii) Try to find out, with the help of your teacher, any two factors which play a major role in the cause in (ii) above being the major cause.

**Answer**

(i) The data is represented below graphically.

(ii) From the above graphical data, we observe that reproductive health conditions is the major cause of women’s ill health and death worldwide.

(iii) Two factors responsible for cause in (ii)

• Lack of proper care and understanding.

• Lack of medical facilities.

2. The following data on the number of girls (to the nearest ten) per thousand boys in different sections of Indian society is given below.

S.No. | Section | Number of girls per thousand boys |

1. | Scheduled Caste (SC) | 940 |

2. | Scheduled Tribe (ST) | 970 |

3. | Non SC/ST | 920 |

4. | Backward districts | 950 |

5. | Non-backward districts | 920 |

6. | Rural | 930 |

7. | Urban | 910 |

(i) Represent the information above by a bar graph.

(ii) In the classroom discuss what conclusions can be arrived at from the graph.

**Answer**

(i)

(ii) It can be observed from the above graph that the maximum number of girls per thousand boys is in ST. Also, the backward districts and rural areas have more number of girls per thousand boys than non-backward districts and urban areas.

Page No. 59

3. Given below are the seats won by different political parties in the polling outcome of a state assembly elections:

Political party | A | B | C | D | E | F |

Seats won | 75 | 55 | 37 | 29 | 10 | 37 |

(i) Draw a bar graph to represent the polling results.

(ii) Which political party won the maximum number of seats?

**Answer**

(i)

(ii) The party named A has won the maximum number of seat.

4. The length of 40 leaves of a plant are measured correct to one millimetre, and the obtained data is represented in the following table:

S.No. | Length (in mm) | Number of leaves |

1. | 118 – 126 | 3 |

2. | 127 – 135 | 5 |

3. | 136 – 144 | 9 |

4. | 145 – 153 | 12 |

5. | 154 – 162 | 5 |

6. | 163 – 171 | 4 |

7. | 172 – 180 | 2 |

(i) Draw a histogram to represent the given data. [Hint: First make the class intervals continuous]

(ii) Is there any other suitable graphical representation for the same data?

(iii)Is it correct to conclude that the maximum number of leaves are 153 mm long? Why?

**Answer**

(i) The data is represented in a discontinuous class interval. So, first we will make continuous. The difference is 1, so we subtract 1/2 = 0.5 from lower limit and add 0.5 to the upper limit.

S.No. | Length (in mm) | Number of leaves |

1. | 117.5 – 126.5 | 3 |

2. | 126.5 – 135.5 | 5 |

3. | 135.5 – 144.5 | 9 |

4. | 144.5 – 153.5 | 12 |

5. | 153.5 – 162.5 | 5 |

6. | 162.5 – 171.5 | 4 |

7. | 171.5 – 180.5 | 2 |

(ii) Yes, the data can also be represented by frequency polygon.

(iii) No, it is incorrect to conclude that the maximum number of leaves are 153 mm long because maximum number of leaves are lying between the length of 144.5 – 153.5

5. The following table gives the life times of 400 neon lamps:

Life Time (in hours) | Number of lamps |

300 – 400 | 14 |

400 – 500 | 56 |

500 – 600 | 60 |

600 – 700 | 86 |

700 – 800 | 74 |

800 – 900 | 62 |

900 – 1000 | 48 |

(i) Represent the given information with the help of a histogram.

(ii) How many lamps have a life time of more than 700 hours?

**Answer**

(i)

(ii) 74 + 62 + 48 = 184 lamps have a life time of more than 700 hours.

Page No. 260

6. The following table gives the distribution of students of two sections according to the marks obtained by them:

Represent the marks of the students of both the sections on the same graph by two frequency polygons. From the two polygons compare the performance of the two sections.

**Answer **

The class mark can be found by (Lower limit + Upper limit)/2.

For section A,

Marks | Class Mark | Frequency |

0-10 | 5 | 3 |

10-20 | 15 | 9 |

20-30 | 25 | 17 |

30-40 | 35 | 12 |

40-50 | 45 | 9 |

For section B,

Marks | Class Mark | Frequency |

0-10 | 5 | 5 |

10-20 | 15 | 19 |

20-30 | 25 | 15 |

30-40 | 35 | 10 |

40-50 | 45 | 1 |

Now, we draw frequency polygon for the given data.

7. The runs scored by two teams A and B on the first 60 balls in a cricket match are given below:

Represent the data of both the teams on the same graph by frequency polygons.

[Hint : First make the class intervals continuous.]

**Answer**

The data is represented in a discontinuous class interval. So, first we will make continuous. The difference is 1, so we subtract 1/2 = 0.5 from lower limit and add 0.5 to the upper limit.

Number of balls | Team A | Team B |

0.5-6.5 | 2 | 5 |

6.5-12.5 | 1 | 6 |

12.5-18.5 | 8 | 2 |

18.5-24.5 | 9 | 10 |

24.5-30.5 | 4 | 5 |

30.5-36.5 | 5 | 6 |

36.5-42.5 | 6 | 3 |

42.5-48.5 | 10 | 4 |

48.5-54.5 | 6 | 8 |

54.5-60.5 | 2 | 10 |

Now, we draw frequency polygon for the given data.

Page No. 261

8. A random survey of the number of children of various age groups playing in a park was found as follows:

Draw a histogram to represent the data above.

**Answer**

The class intervals in the data is having varying width. We know that the area of rectangle is proportional to the frequencies in the histogram. The class interval with minimum class size 1 is selected and the length of the rectangle is proportionate to it.

Age (in years) | Number of children (frequency) | Width of class | Length of rectangle |

1-2 | 5 | 1 | (5/1)×1 = 5 |

2-3 | 3 | 1 | (3/1)×1 = 3 |

3-5 | 6 | 2 | (6/2)×1 = 3 |

5-7 | 12 | 2 | (12/2)×1 = 6 |

7-10 | 9 | 3 | (9/3)×1 = 3 |

10-15 | 10 | 5 | (10/5)×1 = 2 |

15-17 | 4 | 2 | (4/2)×1 = 2 |

Taking the age of children on x-axis and proportion of children per 1 year interval on y-axis, the histogram can be drawn

9. 100 surnames were randomly picked up from a local telephone directory and a frequency distribution of the number of letters in the English alphabet in the surnames was found as follows:

(i) Draw a histogram to depict the given information.

(ii) Write the class interval in which the maximum number of surnames lie.

**Answer**

(i) The class intervals in the data is having varying width. We know that the area of rectangle is proportional to the frequencies in the histogram. The class interval with minimum class size 2 is selected and the length of the rectangle is proportionate to it.

The proportion of the surnames per 2 letters interval can be calculated as:

Number of letters | Number of surnames | Width of class | Length of rectangle |

1-4 | 6 | 3 | (6/3)×2 = 4 |

4-6 | 30 | 2 | (30/2)×2 = 30 |

6-8 | 44 | 2 | (44/2)×2 = 44 |

8-12 | 16 | 4 | (16/4)×2 = 8 |

12-20 | 4 | 8 | (4/8)×2 = 1 |

(ii) The class interval in which the maximum number of surnames lie is 6-8.

Page No. 269

**Exercise 14.4**

1. The following number of goals were scored by a team in a series of 10 matches:

2, 3, 4, 5, 0, 1, 3, 3, 4, 3

Find the mean, median and mode of these scores.

**Answer**

Mean = Sum of all the observations/Total number of observations

= (2+3+4+5+0+1+3+3+4+3)/10 = 28/10 = 2.8

For Median, we will arrange the given data in ascending order,

0, 1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 5

Number of observations (n) = 10

Number of observations are even so we will calculate median as,

= (3+3)/2 = 6/2 = 3

For Mode, we will arrange the given data in ascending order, we have

0, 1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 5.

Here, 3 occurs most frequently (4 times)

∴ Mode = 3

2. In a mathematics test given to 15 students, the following marks (out of 100) are recorded:

41, 39, 48, 52, 46, 62, 54, 40, 96, 52, 98, 40, 42, 52, 60

Find the mean, median and mode of this data.

**Answer**

Mean = Sum of all the observations/Total number of observations

= (41+39+48+52+46+62+54+40+96+52+98+40+42+52+60)/15 = 822/15 = 54.8

For Median, we will arrange the given data in ascending order,

39, 40, 40, 41, 42, 46, 48, 52, 52, 52, 54, 60, 62, 96, 98

Number of observations (n) = 15

Number of observations are odd so we will calculate median as,

For Mode, we will arrange the given data in ascending order, we have

39, 40, 40, 41, 42, 46, 48, 52, 52, 52, 54, 60, 62, 96, 98

Here, 52 occurs most frequently (3 times)

∴ Mode = 52

3. The following observations have been arranged in ascending order. If the median of the data is 63, find the value of x.

29, 32, 48, 50, x, x+2, 72, 78, 84, 95

**Answer**

Number of observations (n) = 10 (even)

According to question, Median = 63

∴ x + 1 = 63

⇒ x = 63−1 = 62

Hence, the value of x is 62.

4. Find the mode of 14, 25, 14, 28, 18, 17, 18, 14, 23, 22, 14, 18.

**Answer**

The given data is,

14,25,14,28,18,17,18,14,23,22,14,18

Arranging the data in ascending order,

14,14,14,14,17,18,18,18,22,23,25,28

Here, 14 occurs most frequently (4 times). Mode = 14

5. Find the mean salary of 60 workers of a factory from the following table:

**Answer**

Salary (x_{i}) | Number of workers (f_{i}) | f_{i}x_{i} |

3000 | 16 | 48000 |

4000 | 12 | 48000 |

5000 | 10 | 50000 |

6000 | 8 | 48000 |

7000 | 6 | 42000 |

8000 | 4 | 32000 |

9000 | 3 | 27000 |

10000 | 1 | 10000 |

Total | Σf_{i} = 60 | Σf_{i}x_{i} = 305000 |

Hence, the mean salary is ₹5083.33

6. Give one example of a situation in which

(i) the mean is an appropriate measure of central tendency.

(ii) the mean is not an appropriate measure of central tendency but the median is an appropriate measure of central tendency.

(i) Mean marks in a test in mathematics.

**All Chapter NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths**

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